A sanskrit term meaning, “qualities”, “attributes”, or “peculiarities”. A key concept in vedic philosophy which holds that all things contain and are made from the three gunas; tamas, rajas, and sattva, being the irreducible constituents of primordial essence. It can sometimes refer to properties and tendencies of a person or thing (actions), or it can refer to virtues and merits and even tendencies of universal law. Because the gunas are representative of abstract root qualities of existence and hold varying meanings for different schools of philosophy, their particular usages can vary greatly. Synonymous with the three supernals; the three alchemical tools; mercury sulfur and salt and the sephiroth; Kether, Chokman, Binah on the Kabalistic Tree of Life.